sparta - MYSTRAS


Tours in Sparta

Spartans did not create arts and crafts and have not left us any written masterpieces. Sparta has become known in history for its military strength and discipline. The military power of Sparta was due to the system of education. Education or else “Agogi” was the center of the Spartan system for raising their children. Only male children had the right to education, at the time that they completed the seventh year of age. The system of education was designed to create the model of the ideal Spartan. Young people who have physical strength to survive through very tough conditions and become excellent warriors.
Sparta was one of the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, including Athens. Sparta began to become a military power in Greece at the Archaic Period and reached its absolute peak after the victory in the Peloponnesian War against Athens.
In this tour we are going to visit places which indicates the past glory of Sparta: the sanctuary of Atemis Orthia, the sanctuary of Apollo of Amyklae, the spartan archeological museum etc.

Sparta Tours Highlights
-The Sanctuary of Artemis Orthia a cult center associated with the rites of passage the young Spartans underwent through their rigorous training / agogi.
-The Sanctuary of Apollo of Amyklae,a significant political and religious center of Sparta throughout antiquity.
-The Menelaeinn at ancient Therapni.Here is attested from at least the 8th century BC the cult of the mythical King of Sparta Menelaus and his wife Helen of Troy!
-The Spartan Archeological Museum. Its neoclassical building was constructed between 1874 and 1876 in the centre of the city and it has been declared a 'listed' building for it's architectural and historical interest.
The archeological museum houses thousands of finds from the ancient acropolis of Sport known as the Lakedaemonia. The collection's pieces date from the Neolithic Age to the late Roman Period.

Tours in Mystras

The history of Mystras dates to the 13th century. In 1249 the ruler of Frankish Principate of Achaea William II of Villehardouin built a fortess. In 1262 it came under byzantine control. In the middle of 14th century it became the seat of Despotate of Moreas. Over the years, it was alternately occupied by Turks and Venetians before being abandoned in the 1830s. In 1989, the ruins of Mystras, including the fortress, palace, churches and monasteries, were named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The only remaining inhabitants of the town are the nuns in the Pandanassa convent. In this tour we will visit many byzantine churches and the palace of Despots. A visit to the Archaeological Museum will help you get a deep insight into the rich history of the area.

Mystras Tours Highlights
-Palace of Despots
-Byzantine churches...Cathedral of Agios Demetrios , Church of Agioi Theodori, Church of Agia Sofia, Church of Panagia Hodegetria,Church of Panagia Pantanassa, Monastery of Panagia Perivleptos
-Archeological Museum
-Mystra's lovely picturesque village.

Sparta
War and Valor... the city state of Sparta occupying the central Peloponesse was the greatest military power of Greece and played a catalytic role in her history.
The Spartans did not produce art or philosophy, neither left us any written work, but its people were admired for their valor and for keeping alive the Greek values.
The site of Sparta is completely surrounded by major mountain ranges. In contrast to other ancient Greek cities, Sparta was not a compact fortified city-state center with monumental civic and religious buildings. It was a loose collection of smaller villages spaced over a large rural area and 6 low hills. The highest of these knolls served as the acropolis and location for the Temple of Athena Chalkioikos. In the Hellenistic period a theatre, stoa and agora were built near the acropolis but the Temple of Athena and the earlier remains at the sanctuary of Artemis Orthia on the West bank of the Eurotas are almost the only archeological remains from Archaic and Classical Sparta.

Mystras
Mystras is one of the best preserved Byzantine fortress cities located on top of Mt Taygetus, 5 km outside Sparta. The “Wonder of the Morea” was built as an amphitheater around the fortress erected in 1249 by William of Villehardouin. Reconquered by the Byzantines then occupied by the Turks and the Venetians, the city was abandoned in 1832 leaving only the breathtaking medieval ruins standing in a beautiful landscape. The complex of the ruins of Mystras offers the image of a city with a brilliant destiny that was deserted by men and threatened by the return of encroaching vegetation which is splitting the walls and covering the slopes, thus destroying here and there fragile traces of history. In 1989 the ruins including the fortress palace , churches and monasteries were named a UnescoWorld Heritage Site!
Visit the mystical tower of Mystras and let yourself be captivated by this destination's medieval splendour. Wander around the castle city and sense through the silence the citys sheer grandeur.
Stroll leisurely through the “Kastro” ( the Frankish Castle ) the Upper Town and Lower Town whose architecture creates a dreamy setting. With your minds eyes visualize Frankish princes and princesses living in palatial mansions;foreign delegations arriving bearing gifts and peasant pilgrims or traders filling the bustling streets.
Activity level: Moderate
Cultural exposure: 10/10
Duration: Full day
Type: Ancient History, Sightseeing, Walking, Full Day
Mystras Entrance Ticket: Full 5€, Reduced 3€

Free admission days : 6 March, 5 June , 18 April, 18 May, the last weekend of September annually, Sundays in the period between 1 November and 31 March, first Sunday of every month, except for July, August and September and on 27 September International Tourism Day.

Mystras is open: In winter: 8:00am to 3:00pm | In Summer: 8:00am to 8:00pm

Closed on Holidays: Jan 1st, March 25th, May 1st, Oct 28th.
Christmas and Boxing Day: closed
Easter Sunday: closed
Good Friday: open from 12noon to 3:00pm.
Holy Saturday: open from 8:30am to 3:00pm
Easter Monday: open from 08:30am to 3:00pm.
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Admission to archeological sites
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