isthmus canal - acrocorinth - Ancient corinth - nemea





Isthmus Canal
-The Isthmus Canal / Corinth Canal
-Zulu BungyZulu Bungy

Acrocorinth
-First, Second, Third Gates
-Keep
-Peirene Spring
-Temple of Aphrodite
-Views of Geraneia Mountain with the Blue lake and Temple of Hera.
-Acrocorinth Snack bar / Restaurant with fabulous views.


Ancient Corinth
-Hadgimoustafa fountain
-Archaeological Museum of ancient Corinth
-Temple of Apollo
-Agora/Market place
-Roman buildings
-Bema
-Theatre and Odeon / Asklepieion
-Lechaion road
-St. Paul's church with the fabulous mosaic / mural depicting his vision
-Enjoy a delicious traditional authentic lunch on a fabulous balcony overlooking the entire archaeological site... Gemelos' taverna!

Nemea
-The Temple of Zeus / Jupiter
-The Ancient baths
-The Apodyterium
-The Ancient Stadium Crypt
-The starting grid
-The Archeological Museum
-The Wine Roads


Isthmus Canal

The Isthmus of Corinth connects the Peloponesse with mainland Greece. It is made up of heavy faulted limestone rising from the south in terraces to a bleak windswept central plateau almost 300 feet (90meters) above sea level.
The Canal we see today was built in 1882 -1893 by Greek and French engineers using the most advanced machinery of that time.
The Canal is 6.343 meters long. It is 24.60 meters wide on surface level, 21.30 meters on sea bed and, at some places its side are 79 meters high. The canal is crossed by road and railway bridges while connection between Central Greece and the Peloponesse is also achived by two 'ferries' in the form of submersible bridges, one at either end ( Poseidonia and Isthmia ) . The canal reduced the distance between the ports of the Aegean and the Adriatic Sea by 131 Nautical miles!

Acrocorinth
From a distance, acrocorinth is seen by every visitor to ancient Corinth. It looms up in the background, its fortification walls clearly visible. Few visitors actually see acrocorinth as only the most dedicated archeological tours take the trouble to drive up to this lofty fortress hill to be captivated by the breathtaking ,magical,spectacular views.
Acrocorinth was first a Greek acropolis, then a Roman citadel. Later it became a Byzantine fortress. The Franks captured it in 1210, and it then fell into the hands of one of the rulers of Naples. An arms manufacturer and banker then owned it,followed by the Knights of Rhodes, the Turks, the Venetians, then the Turks again. After the 1821 War of Independence it returned in the hands of of the Greeks.
There are three lines of defense and three gates protecting the citadel from the west. The First Gate was built in the 14th c. A moat was cut out of the rock to provide a defense against attack. The Venetians were responsible for building the Second Gate with a tower on one side and the Third Gate has two rectangular towers on either side. The tower on the right is mostly from the 4th century BC, while the other one is Byzantine as are most of the walls. From the Third Gate the path takes you up through the old Turkish part to the rampart and the northern postern. A steep climb takes you to the remains of the mosque and the minaret.
Keep..... This is the Turkish sections, where you see the remains of the Frankish castle of the Villehardouin who held it in the 13th and 14th centuries.
The southern ramparts leads you towards the Peirene Spring which is next to the ruin of an old Turkish barracks. Modern steps will lead you down into an underground chamber from the Hellenistic period with the roof being added by the Romans. The legend associated with this spring is with the winged horse Pegasus who stamped its hoof and created the spring. While he was drinking the water, he was captured by Bellerephon.
The Temple of Aphrodite...retracing your steps north of the southern rampart and then making your way north west to the highest section at 574 meters you will find a column marking the place where the temple once stood. From here, the views are breathtaking.
You can see beyond Corinth to Mount Parnassus in the north,Attica in the east and on to the mountains of the Peloponesse in the south.
The Temple of Aphrodite who was worshiped here was a center of religious prostitution. Over 1000 prostitutes worked here and as a result Acrocorinth was notorious for its licentiousness all over the ancient world. ST. Paul may have preached here during his visit in Corinth.

Ancient Corinth
Nemea is an ancient site in the northeastern part of the Peloponnese in Greece. Formerly part of the territory of Cleonae in Argolis and today situated in the regional unit of Corinthia. The small village of ancient Nemea was formerly known as “Koutsomodi” and then “Iraklion”.
In Greek mythology Hercules first labour was to kill the Nemean Lion living in the caves of Mount Tritos above the site.
You will be amazed with the sanctuary of Zeus built in 330 BC. It's importance lies in the fact that all ancient Greek architecture orders were combined in different part of the temple. Doric columns were used for the exterior colonnade, Corinthian for the ground floor columns and small Ionic columns in the interior at the cella and upper level. At the short ends 6 columns were erected while 12 instead of the classical 13 were erected at the long ends.
During the 5th and 6th centuries A.D early Christians gathered within the area of Nemea and established an agricultural settlement. As a common practice, they used blocks from the Sanctuary of Zeus in order to construct their own Christian temple,the Basilica. All 36 columns but three were knocked down. Nowadays thanks to S.Miller 9 columns have been reconstructed.
The site reached its period of greatest importance from the 6th to 3rd centuries BCE when for around a month every two years athletes and spectators gathered for the pan-Hellenic Games from 573 BCE until 271 BCE. The Nemean Games became a sporting event to rank alongside the other three major pan-Hellenic athletic games held at Olympia , Isthmia and Delphi.
The most important event was the stadion or footrace over one length of the stadium track, other events were footraces over various stadium lengths competitions in boxing wrestling combined boxing and wrestling, the pentathlon (wrestling,boxing,javelin,discus,long jump).Horse races were also held on the hippodrome track which included the four horse chariot of 5,600 meters. Two further competitions were for heralds and trumpeters. The ancient stadium has recently been discovered. It is notable for its well preserved vaulted entrance tunnel or crypt dated to about 320 BC with ancient graffiti on the walls.
The track it self was usually prepared with hard-packed clay.
Behind the starting line up was a space for the athletes to slow down, usually 15 meters length.
Built near natural hills for spectators to have a clear view of the events artificial embankments became a common feature as were conduits around the track to drain off excess rain water.
The Nemean stadium sloped a little (2 meters) for this purpose.
You can see the seats that were added. The seating area had steps and divisions to facilitate access and perhaps more importantly to ensure an orderly exit of the spectators. Certain VIP seats on a raised platform in the center positions were also a common practice reserved for specially trained judges . The ancient Nemean Stadium could seat approximately 50.000 spectators.
The Archeological museum of Nemea is fascinating.Founded by the University of California and besides the exhibits from Zeu's sanctuary, the museum collections include finds from various archeological sites in the Nemea region which span from early Neolithic to the Byzantine times.

Nemea
Nemea is an ancient site in the northeastern part of the Peloponnese in Greece. Formerly part of the territory of Cleonae in Argolis and today situated in the regional unit of Corinthia. The small village of ancient Nemea was formerly known as “Koutsomodi” and then “Iraklion”.
In Greek mythology Hercules first labour was to kill the Nemean Lion living in the caves of Mount Tritos above the site.
You will be amazed with the sanctuary of Zeus built in 330 BC. It's importance lies in the fact that all ancient Greek architecture orders were combined in different part of the temple. Doric columns were used for the exterior colonnade, Corinthian for the ground floor columns and small Ionic columns in the interior at the cella and upper level. At the short ends 6 columns were erected while 12 instead of the classical 13 were erected at the long ends.
During the 5th and 6th centuries A.D early Christians gathered within the area of Nemea and established an agricultural settlement. As a common practice, they used blocks from the Sanctuary of Zeus in order to construct their own Christian temple,the Basilica. All 36 columns but three were knocked down. Nowadays thanks to S.Miller 9 columns have been reconstructed.
The site reached its period of greatest importance from the 6th to 3rd centuries BCE when for around a month every two years athletes and spectators gathered for the pan-Hellenic Games from 573 BCE until 271 BCE. The Nemean Games became a sporting event to rank alongside the other three major pan-Hellenic athletic games held at Olympia , Isthmia and Delphi.
The most important event was the stadion or footrace over one length of the stadium track, other events were footraces over various stadium lengths competitions in boxing wrestling combined boxing and wrestling, the pentathlon (wrestling,boxing,javelin,discus,long jump).Horse races were also held on the hippodrome track which included the four horse chariot of 5,600 meters. Two further competitions were for heralds and trumpeters. The ancient stadium has recently been discovered. It is notable for its well preserved vaulted entrance tunnel or crypt dated to about 320 BC with ancient graffiti on the walls.
The track it self was usually prepared with hard-packed clay.
Behind the starting line up was a space for the athletes to slow down, usually 15 meters length.
Built near natural hills for spectators to have a clear view of the events artificial embankments became a common feature as were conduits around the track to drain off excess rain water.
The Nemean stadium sloped a little (2 meters) for this purpose.
You can see the seats that were added. The seating area had steps and divisions to facilitate access and perhaps more importantly to ensure an orderly exit of the spectators. Certain VIP seats on a raised platform in the center positions were also a common practice reserved for specially trained judges . The ancient Nemean Stadium could seat approximately 50.000 spectators.
The Archeological museum of Nemea is fascinating.Founded by the University of California and besides the exhibits from Zeu's sanctuary, the museum collections include finds from various archeological sites in the Nemea region which span from early Neolithic to the Byzantine times.
Activity level: Moderate
Cultural exposure: 10/10
Duration: Full day
Type: Ancient History, Sightseeing, Walking, Full Day
Ancient Corinth Entrance Ticket: 7€*
Ancient Nemea Entrance Ticket: 4€
* Students of non European Union countries holders of an international student card are entitled to 50% discount on the entrance fee. Young people up the age of 18 are entitled to free admission. European Union students are entitled to free entrance while European Union senior citizens over 65 have 50% discount on entry to all Greek museums and archaeological sites.

Free admission days : 6 March, 5 June , 18 April, 18 May, the last weekend of September annually, Sundays in the period between 1 November and 31 March, first Sunday of every month, except for July, August and September and on 27 September International Tourism Day.

Ancient Corinth is open: In winter: 8:00am to 3:00pm | In Summer: 8:00am to 5:00pm

Closed on Holidays: Jan 1st, March 25th, May 1st, Oct 28th.
Christmas and Boxing Day: closed
Easter Sunday: closed
Good Friday: open from 12noon to 3:00pm.
Holy Saturday: open from 8:30am to 3:00pm
Easter Monday: open from 08:30am to 3:00pm.
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